Maybe you adopted a new cat or have had your cat for years now—in either case annual physical exams are highly recommended for maintaining the optimal health of your cat. Your cat may be low-maintenance, but that’s no reason not to take them for a wellness exam every year. This article will highlight the reasons why annual physical exams for cats are so important.
Cats mask when they are sick or feel bad—they can hide suffering and pain very well, it’s an evolutionary trait—so you may not know that they’re suffering. And just because your cat lives indoors doesn’t mean they can’t get sick, or don’t have a congenital or chronic disease, bacterial or viral infection, severe tooth decay or gum disease, inflammation causing health issues, or a possible stress-related illness. All of these are possible for indoor-only cats.
Benefits of Annual Physical Exams for Cats
Annual physical exams give you peace of mind knowing the state of your cat’s health. Annual exams give you a baseline for what is normal for your cat’s health so you can readily see any changes from the previous year. Yearly checkups can lengthen your cat’s life expectancy by addressing health issues early on before they become more serious and advanced and difficult to treat. Your veterinarian will be able to detect any new health problems or chronic conditions and treat them immediately, that might have otherwise been missed or delayed if you waited another year.
What to Expect at Your Cat’s Annual Exam
Annual wellness visits are considered nose-to-tail physical exams where your vet will check the following on your cat:
- Mouth, teeth and gums for disease and tooth decay
- Eyes and ears for infections, inflammation and any drainage
- Nose for congestion or drainage
- Heart for heart murmurs or abnormal sounds and rhythms
- Lungs for respiratory congestion or abnormalities
- Kidneys are manually checked for pain, sensitivity and size
- Skin is checked for any sign of skin disease, lesions, abnormal bumps or growths
- Fur is checked for flea dirt and fleas, and condition of the coat
- Leg joints for range of movement
- Internal organs will be palpated for any signs of abnormalities or problems
Lastly, your vet will check your cat’s bottom for any sign of infection or worms, and do a rectal exam for any impaction.
At this time, following the exam, laboratory tests may be recommended. Your vet may want to do a Complete Blood Count or Blood Chemistry Panel for a baseline or to diagnose a particular concern. In addition, a Urinalysis may be done if your cat is older or your vet is concerned about your cat’s kidneys, possible bladder or kidney infection, or kidney disease. A Fecal Smear would be necessary only if your vet was concerned about worms and parasites, but this is not typically part of an annual exam.
Senior Cats Should Get Wellness Exams Every 6 Months
Cats under the age of 12 years old can have annual vet visits unless there’s an underlying issue, but cats older than 12 years should be evaluated every six months to be on the safe side. A 12-year-old cat is about 70 in human years and are more susceptible to developing health problems associated with aging.
If you have a senior or geriatric cat, it’s even more important to visit your vet and run routine diagnostic tests. Your older cat can be dealing with multiple health issues, each of which should be addressed to make your cat more comfortable, reduce any suffering and pain, and give them greater quality of life. Older cats over 12 years of age are more prone to kidney disease, thyroid disease, diabetes if they are obese, have arthritis and joint problems, need dental work done, can be more prone to getting infections, and may have other underlying issues.
Vaccinations for Cats
If you adopted your cat as a kitten, check your records that kitten was properly vaccinated and received their one-year FVRCP (Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Calicivirus Panleukopenia) booster. After the one-year booster, the new medical veterinary recommendations are that the FVRCP vaccine be given every 3-4 years. But if your cat is an indoor-only cat that may not even be necessary, however, outdoor cats are at higher risk. This is a “core” vaccine and an important one, but be careful of giving any other additional core or non-core vaccines that may not be necessary or needed, as there are side-effects and problems associated with giving vaccines, especially non-core and attenuated, killed vaccines.
Dental Care for Cats
One of the most important benefits of the annual wellness exam is checking your cat’s mouth, gums and teeth. Many serious systemic health conditions can be seen in the mouth, and also problems in the mouth can lead to other more serious health conditions. Plus, dental problems are painful for your cat, so your cat may be suffering and you may not know it. Providing veterinary dental care as often as needed is vital and important to your cat’s health, happiness and well being.
Giving your cat a well-check exam every year will certainly improve the overall quality of your cat’s health and life, and will decrease any suffering they may otherwise experience if they are not seen by a vet. Remember cats mask their suffering and pain well, so an annual exam can make all the difference in the world for them.
If you don’t already have a good veterinarian, here’s information about how to find a great vet.